Effective date: March 15, 2019
Welcome to Givego, a Herdle, Inc company, which consists of our mobile applications and our website and related services and products. Please read on to learn the rules and restrictions that govern your use of our apps or website(s), products, services and applications (the “Services”). If you have any questions, comments, or concerns regarding these terms or the Services, please contact us at email@example.com.
In some situations, you may choose to purchase products or services from us through our mobile applications, website or other technology services. Those transactions will be subject to additional Services Agreements. You can view those agreements at www.givego.io.
Will these Terms ever change?
We are constantly trying to improve our Services, so these Terms may need to change along with the Services. We reserve the right to change the Terms at any time, and if we do, we will try (but will not guarantee) to bring it to your attention by placing a notice on our mobile applications, the http://www.givego.io website, by sending you an email or other communication, or by some other means.
If you don’t agree with the new Terms, you are free to reject them; unfortunately, that means you will no longer be able to use the Services. If you use the Services in any way after a change to the Terms is effective, that means you agree to all of the changes.
Except for changes by us as described here, no other amendment or modification of these Terms will be effective unless in writing and signed by both you and us.
What about my privacy?
The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (“COPPA”) requires that online service providers obtain parental consent before they knowingly collect personally identifiable information online from children who are under 13. We do not knowingly collect or solicit personally identifiable information from children under 13. If you are a child under 13, you are not permitted to use our app or website, attempt to register for the Services, or send any personal information about yourself to us, so please do not attempt to do so. If we learn we have collected personal information from a child under 13, we will delete that information as quickly as possible. If you believe that a child under 13 may have provided us personal information, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org. If you are a child over 13 but under 18, you are not permitted to use our app or website, attempt to register for the Services, or send any personal information about yourself to use without receiving your parent or guardian’s consent.
What are the basics of using Givego apps and services?
You will likely be required to sign up for an account, and select a password, user name, and/or other information (generally referred to herein as a “Givego User ID”). You promise to provide us with accurate, complete, and updated registration information about yourself. You may not select as your Givego User ID or profile name a name that you don’t have the right to use, or another person’s name with the intent to impersonate that person. You may not transfer your account to anyone else without our prior written permission.
You represent and warrant that you are of legal age to form a binding contract (or if not, you’ve received your parent’s or guardian’s permission to use the Services and gotten your parent or guardian to agree to these Terms on your behalf). If you’re agreeing to these Terms on behalf of an organization or entity, you represent and warrant that you are authorized to agree to these Terms on that organization or entity’s behalf and bind them to these Terms (in which case, the references to “you” and “your” in these Terms, except for in this sentence, refer to that organization or entity).
You will only use the Services for your own internal or personal use, and not on behalf of or for the benefit of any third party and only in a manner that complies with all laws that apply to you. If your use of the Services is prohibited by applicable laws, then you aren’t authorized to use the Services. We can’t and won’t be responsible for your using the Services in a way that breaks the law.
You will not share your account or password with anyone, and you must protect the security of your account and your password. You’re responsible for any activity associated with your account.
Your use of the Services is subject to the following additional restrictions:
You represent, warrant, and agree that you will not contribute any Content or User Submission (each of those terms is defined below) or otherwise use the Services or interact with the Services in a manner that:
(a) Infringes or violates the intellectual property rights or any other rights of anyone else (including Givego);
(b) Violates any law or regulation;
(c) Is harmful, fraudulent, deceptive, threatening, harassing, defamatory, obscene, or otherwise objectionable;
(d) Jeopardizes the security of your Givego account or anyone else’s (such as allowing someone else to log in to the Services as you);
(e) Attempts, in any manner, to obtain the password, account, or other security information from any other user;
(f) Violates the security of any computer network, or cracks any passwords or security encryption codes;
(g) Runs Maillist, Listserv, any form of auto-responder or “spam” on the Services, or any processes that run or are activated while you are not logged into the Services, or that otherwise interfere with the proper working of the Services (including by placing an unreasonable load on the Services’ infrastructure);
(h) “Crawls,” “scrapes,” or “spiders” any page, data, or portion of or relating to the Services or Content (through use of manual or automated means);
(i) Copies or stores any significant portion of the Content;
(j) Decompiles, reverse engineers, or otherwise attempts to obtain the source code or underlying ideas or information of or relating to the Services.
A violation of any of the foregoing is grounds for termination of your right to use or access the Services.
Payment Processing; Order Fulfillment
Our website and app is or may be hosted by third parties, which also assists in the processing of our orders. When you input your credit card information as payment for an order, such third party may directly and securely transmit that information to its third party payment processor, who verifies the credit card and remits the payment to us. Neither we, nor our representatives, ever store your credit card image or number. Sales, ad valorem and use taxes will be based on your location and our location and, purchase prices are inclusive of taxes. You will be responsible for paying any applicable taxes relating to your payments and will indemnify and hold harmless Givego and its authorized representatives from your failure to pay any and all taxes, including any applicable sales, ad valorem or use tax, as a result of or arising out of incorrect information provided by you. If you believe you are entitled to a refund of any taxes, you are solely responsible for such determination and seeking and obtaining reimbursement of them.
Givego and its authorized representative also fulfill all orders for digitally distributed content by making that content available for viewing. It will inform you of the device and system requirements for accessing this content. You are responsible for completing the digital download, and for all risk of loss of the content after download. You acknowledge that the resolution and quality of the content received will depend on a number of factors, including the type of device on which it is streamed and available bandwidth. While we strive to provide a high-quality viewing experience, neither we, nor any authorized representative or service provider of Givego, make any guarantee as to the resolution or quality of the content.
You agree not to use or launch any automated system, including without limitation, “robots,” “spiders,” or “offline readers,” that accesses our web site in a manner that sends more request messages to our servers in a given period of time than a human can reasonably produce in the same period by using a conventional online web browser. You agree to comply with all applicable laws in your use of our app or website.
What are my rights in Givego?
We make materials displayed or performed or available on or through the Services, including, but not limited to, text, graphics, data, articles, photos, images, video, illustrations and so forth (all of the foregoing, the “Givego Content”) are protected by copyright, trademark, patent and/or other intellectual property laws.
You promise to abide by all copyright notices, trademark rules, information, and restrictions contained in any Givego Content you access through the Services, and you won’t use, copy, reproduce, modify, translate, publish, broadcast, transmit, distribute, perform, upload, display, license, sell or otherwise exploit for any purpose any Givego Content not owned by you, (i) without the prior consent of the owner of that Givego Content or (ii) in a way that violates someone else’s (including Givego’s) rights.
You understand that Givego owns the Services. You won’t modify, publish, reverse engineer, transmit, participate in the transfer or sale of, reproduce (except as expressly provided in this Section), creative derivative works based on, or otherwise exploit any of the Services.
The Services may allow you to copy or download certain Givego Content or other content; please remember that just because this functionality exists, doesn’t mean that all the restrictions above don’t apply — they do!
What about Content and Proprietary Rights?
Through our web site, we offer, sell, and digitally distribute videos, audiovisual combinations, music, sounds, graphics, photos, and other content, as well as sell products related to that content. We are the owner or authorized licensee of all information, materials, functions and other content contained on our web site, and you acknowledge that you are only receiving a limited right to access or use this content. No content from our web site may be used, reproduced, transmitted, distributed or otherwise exploited in any way other than as part of our web site.
The name “Givego” and our graphics, logos, designs, page headers, button icons, scripts, and service names are registered and/or common law trademarks, trade names, or trade dress of Givego in the U.S. and/or other countries. These trademarks, trade names, and trade dress may not be used in connection with any product or service in any manner that is likely to cause confusion. We reserve all rights in or to such trademarks, trade names, or trade dress.
We respect the intellectual property rights of others and expect our users to do the same. It is our policy, in appropriate circumstances and at its discretion, to disable or terminate the accounts of users who repeatedly infringe or are repeatedly charged with infringing the intellectual property rights of others.
Do I have to grant any licenses to Givego or to other users?
Our Business Services Agreements can be found at http://www.givego.io and contain information on our rights to user submitted content. The provisions of those agreements control if you submit content under one or more of them.
In general, when you upload, add, contribute, or otherwise bring your content into the Services, you are giving us the right to use the content to provide our Services and to use the content to market and publicize our Services and Givego.
For purposes of this Agreement, anything you post, upload, share, store, or otherwise provide through the Services is your “User Submission.” Some User Submissions are viewable by other users and business partners of Givego. In order to display your User Submissions on the Services, and to allow other users to enjoy them (where applicable), you grant us certain rights in those User Submissions.
For all User Submissions, you hereby grant Givego a license to translate, modify (for technical purposes, for example making sure your content is viewable on an iPhone as well as a computer) and reproduce and otherwise act with respect to such User Submissions, in each case to enable us to operate the Services, as described in more detail below.
You grant Givego the license above, as well as a license to display, perform, and distribute your Personal User Submission for the sole purpose of making that Personal User Submission accessible to you and providing the Services.
You grant Givego a license to display, perform, and distribute your User Submission for the sole purpose of making that User Submission accessible to other users or businesses if, in providing the Services, it is necessary to do so. Also, you grant such other specified users and businesses a license to access that User Submission, and to use and exercise all rights in it, as permitted by the functionality of the Services.
You agree that the licenses you grant are royalty-free, perpetual, sublicenseable, irrevocable, and worldwide, provided that when you delete your Givego account, we may stop displaying your User Submissions to other users (if applicable), but you understand and agree that it may not be possible to completely delete that content from Givego’s records, and that your User Submissions may remain viewable elsewhere to the extent that they were copied or stored by other users.
You understand and agree that Givego, in performing the required technical steps to provide the Services to our users (including you), may need to make changes to your User Submissions to conform and adapt those User Submissions to the technical requirements of connection networks, devices, services, or media, and the foregoing licenses include the rights to do so.
Finally, Givego has the right to use the data from all uses of the Service for our purposes in an aggregated manner. This may include providing the aggregate information to business partners or clients.
These are licenses only — your ownership in User Submissions is not affected.
What if I see something on the Services that infringes my copyright?
You may have heard of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (the “DMCA”), as it relates to online service providers, like Givego, being asked to remove material that allegedly violates someone’s copyright. We respect others’ intellectual property rights, and we reserve the right to delete or disable Content alleged to be infringing, and to terminate the accounts of repeat alleged infringers; to review our complete Copyright Dispute Policy and learn how to report potentially infringing content, go to www.givego.io. To learn more about the DMCA, go to
Who is responsible for what I see and do on the Services?
Any information or content publicly posted or privately transmitted through the Services is the sole responsibility of the person from whom such content originated, and you access all such information and content at your own risk, and we aren’t liable for any errors or omissions in that information or content or for any damages or loss you might suffer in connection with it. We cannot control and have no duty to take any action regarding how you may interpret and use the content or what actions you may take as a result of having been exposed to the content, and you hereby release us from all liability for you having acquired or not acquired content through the Services. We can’t guarantee the identity of any users with whom you interact in using the Services and are not responsible for which users gain access to the Services.
You are responsible for all content you contribute, in any manner, to the Services, and you represent and warrant you have all rights necessary to do so, in the manner in which you contribute it. You will keep all your registration information accurate and current. You are responsible for all your activity in connection with the Services. Do not post or publish any content (including photos or video) that you do not have the right to post or publish.
Givego has no control over, and assumes no responsibility for, the content, accuracy, privacy policies, or practices of or opinions expressed in any third-party apps or websites or by any third party that you interact with through the Services. In addition, Givego will not and cannot monitor, verify, censor or edit the content of any third-party site or service. By using the Services, you release and hold us harmless from any and all liability arising from your use of any third party app, website or service.
Your interactions with organizations and/or individuals found on or through the Services, including payment and delivery of goods or services, and any other terms, conditions, warranties or representations associated with such dealings, are solely between you and such organizations and/or individuals. You should make whatever investigation you feel necessary or appropriate before proceeding with any online or offline transaction with any of these third parties. You agree that Givego shall not be responsible or liable for any loss or damage of any sort incurred as the result of any such dealings.
You understand and agree that any material and/or data downloaded or otherwise obtained through the use of Services is done at your own discretion and risk and that you will be solely responsible for any damage to your computer system or loss of data that results from the download of such material and/or data. We make no warranty regarding any goods or services purchased or obtained through the Services or any transactions entered into through the Services. No advice or information, whether oral or written, obtained by you from us or through the Services shall create any representation or warranty not expressly made in these Terms. As a user (coach or client), you are solely responsible for your safety and privacy if you decide to meet another user (coach or client) face-to-face or online. We are not responsible for or guarantee your safety and privacy or any aspect of the coaching relationship.
If there is a dispute between participants on this site, or between users and any third party, you agree that Givego is under no obligation to become involved. In the event that you have a dispute with one or more other users, you release Givego, its directors, officers, employees, agents, successors and assigns from claims, demands, and damages of every kind or nature, known or unknown, suspected or unsuspected, disclosed or undisclosed, arising out of or in any way related to such disputes and/or our Services. If you are a California resident, for purposes of all waives contained or incorporated by reference in these Terms, you shall and hereby do waive California Civil Code Section 1542, which says: “A general release does not extend to claims which the creditor does not know or suspect to exist in his favor at the time of executing the release, which, if known by him must have materially affected his settlement with the debtor.”
Who is responsible if I get hurt, get injured or die?
You are. Givego is designed to improve sports performance through providing a place to connect with coaches and content and the software tools for coaches to enhance their coaching businesses and athletes and parents the tools to gain digital access to coaches. The activities and sporting endeavors contemplated by use of the Services are dangerous and may result in injury. You hereby disclaim and release Givego from any loss, claim, damage, liability or expense arising out of or relating to any hurt, injury or death arising out of or relating to your use of Givego.
Do you guarantee or certify coaches or other participants?
We do not. Givego provides an opportunity for athletes and coaches to interact. All participants are independent contractors and are not certified, employed, or insured by Givego. While we try to verify coaches’ certifications as much as possible, we are not responsible for and cannot guarantee the authenticity of certification provided by coaches. We hold the right to report any fake certificates to the relevant authorities and we encourage reporting on such matter with evidence so we can take the necessary steps from our side after verification.
You are responsible for your relationship to a coach or athlete. We provide no representations or warranties.
What prohibited uses should I be aware of?
In addition to other terms as set forth in these Terms, you are prohibited from using the Services: (a) for any unlawful purpose; (b) to solicit others to perform or participate in any unlawful acts; (c) to violate any international, federal, provincial or state regulations, rules, laws, or local ordinances; (d) to infringe upon or violate our intellectual property rights or the intellectual property rights of others; (e) to harass, abuse, insult, harm, defame, slander, disparage, intimidate, or discriminate based on gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnicity, race, age, national origin, or disability; (f) to submit false or misleading information; (g) to upload or transmit viruses or any other type of malicious code that will or may be used in any way that will affect the functionality or operation of the Service or of any related app or website, other apps or websites, or the Internet; (h) to collect or track the personal information of others; (i) to spam, phish, pharm, pretext, spider, crawl, or scrape; (j) for any obscene or immoral purpose; or (k) to interfere with or circumvent the security features of the Services or any related app or website, other apps or websites, or the Internet. We reserve the right to terminate your use of the Services or any related apps or website for violating any of the prohibited uses.
Will Givego ever change the Services?
We’re always trying to improve the Services, so they may change over time. We may suspend or discontinue any part of the Services, or we may introduce new features or impose limits on certain features or restrict access to parts or all of the Services. We’ll try to give you notice when we make a material change to the Services that would adversely affect you, but this isn’t always practical. Similarly, we reserve the right to remove any Content from the Services at any time, for any reason (including, but not limited to, if someone alleges you contributed that Content in violation of these Terms), in our sole discretion, and without notice.
Does Givego cost anything?
Yes. For information on paid Services and products go www.givego.io.
What if I want to stop using Givego?
Givego is also free to terminate (or suspend access to) your use of the Services or your account, for any reason in our discretion, including your breach of these Terms. Givego has the sole right to decide whether you are in violation of any of the restrictions set forth in these Terms.
Account termination may result in destruction of any content associated with your account, so keep that in mind before you decide to terminate your account.
Provisions that, by their nature, should survive termination of these Terms shall survive termination. By way of example, all of the following will survive termination: any obligation you have to pay us or indemnify us, any limitations on our liability, any terms regarding ownership or intellectual property rights, and terms regarding disputes between us.
I use the Givego App available via the Apple App Store — should I know anything about that?
These Terms apply to your use of all the Services, including the iPhone and iPad applications available via the Apple, Inc. (“Apple”) App Store (the “Application”), but the following additional terms also apply to the Application:
(a) Both you and Givego acknowledge that the Terms are concluded between you and Givego only, and not with Apple, and that Apple is not responsible for the Application or the Content;
(b) The Application is licensed to you on a limited, non-exclusive, non-transferrable, non-sublicensable basis, solely to be used in connection with the Services for your private, personal, non-commercial use, subject to all the terms and conditions of these Terms as they are applicable to the Services;
(c) You will only use the Application in connection with an Apple device that you own or control;
(d) You acknowledge and agree that Apple has no obligation whatsoever to furnish any maintenance and support services with respect to the Application;
(e) In the event of any failure of the Application to conform to any applicable warranty, including those implied by law, you may notify Apple of such failure; upon notification, Apple’s sole warranty obligation to you will be to refund to you the purchase price, if any, of the Application;
(f) You acknowledge and agree that Givego, and not Apple, is responsible for addressing any claims you or any third party may have in relation to the Application;
(g) You acknowledge and agree that, in the event of any third party claim that the Application or your possession and use of the Application infringes that third party’s intellectual property rights, Givego, and not Apple, will be responsible for the investigation, defense, settlement and discharge of any such infringement claim;
(h) You represent and warrant that you are not located in a country subject to a U.S. Government embargo, or that has been designated by the U.S. Government as a “terrorist supporting” country, and that you are not listed on any U.S. Government list of prohibited or restricted parties;
(i) Both you and Givego acknowledge and agree that, in your use of the Application, you will comply with any applicable third party terms of agreement which may affect or be affected by such use; and
(j) Both you and Givego acknowledge and agree that Apple and Apple’s subsidiaries are third party beneficiaries of these Terms, and that upon your acceptance of these Terms, Apple will have the right (and will be deemed to have accepted the right) to enforce these Terms against you as the third party beneficiary hereof.
What else do I need to know?
Warranty Disclaimer. Givego does not make any representation or warranty concerning any content contained in or accessed through the Services or third party services (such as coaching or drills), and we will not be responsible or liable for the accuracy, copyright compliance, legality, or decency of material contained in or accessed through the Services. We make no representations or warranties regarding suggestions or recommendations of services or products offered or purchased through the Services. Products and services purchased or offered (whether or not following such recommendations and suggestions) through the Services are provided “AS IS” and “AS AVAILABLE” and without any warranty of any kind from Givego or others (unless, with respect to such others only, provided expressly and unambiguously in writing by a designated third party for a specific product). We make no warranty that the Services will meet your requirements, or that the Services will be uninterrupted, timely, secure, or error free; nor do we make any warranty as to the results that may be obtained from the use of the Services or as to the accuracy or reliability of any information obtained through the Services or that defects in the Services will be corrected. You understand and agree that any material and/or data downloaded or otherwise obtained through the use of Services is done at your own discretion and risk and that you will be solely responsible for any damage to your computer system or loss of data that results from the download of such material and/or data. THE SERVICES AND CONTENT ARE PROVIDED ON AN “AS IS” BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTY OR ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, NON-INFRINGEMENT, OR THAT USE OF THE SERVICES WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE. SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW LIMITATIONS ON HOW LONG AN IMPLIED WARRANTY LASTS, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
Limitation of Liability. TO THE FULLEST EXTENT ALLOWED BY APPLICABLE LAW, UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES AND UNDER NO LEGAL THEORY (INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, TORT, CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR OTHERWISE) SHALL GIVEGO BE LIABLE TO YOU OR TO ANY OTHER PERSON FOR (A) ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OF ANY KIND, INCLUDING DAMAGES FOR LOST PROFITS, LOSS OF GOODWILL, WORK STOPPAGE, ACCURACY OF RESULTS, OR COMPUTER FAILURE OR MALFUNCTION, OR (B) ANY AMOUNT, IN THE AGGREGATE, IN EXCESS OF THE GREATER OF (I) $100 OR (II) THE AMOUNTS PAID BY YOU TO GIVEGO IN CONNECTION WITH THE SERVICES IN THE TWELVE (12) MONTH PERIOD PRECEDING THIS APPLICABLE CLAIM, OR (III) ANY MATTER BEYOND OUR REASONABLE CONTROL. THE LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS ALSO APPLY IF YOUR AVAILABLE REMEDIES UNDER THESE TERMS DO NOT FULLY COMPENSATE YOU FOR ANY LOSSES OR FAILS OF ITS ESSENTIAL PURPOSE. SOME JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OR LIMITATION OF CERTAIN DAMAGES, SO THE ABOVE LIMITATION AND EXCLUSIONS MAY NOT APPLY TO YOU.
Indemnity. To the fullest extent allowed by applicable law, You agree to indemnify and hold Givego, its affiliates, directors, officers, agents, employees, and partners and the successors, assigns, heirs and legal representatives of each of them harmless from and against any and all claims, liabilities, damages (actual and consequential), losses and expenses (including attorneys’ fees) arising from or in any way related to any claims by you or any third party claims relating to (a) your use of the Services (including any actions taken by a third party using your account), and (b) your violation of these Terms. In the event of such a claim, suit, or action (“Claim”), we will attempt to provide notice of the Claim to the contact information we have for your account (provided that failure to deliver such notice shall not eliminate or reduce your indemnification obligations hereunder).
Assignment. You may not assign, delegate or transfer these Terms or your rights or obligations hereunder, or your Services account, in any way (by operation of law or otherwise) without Givego’s prior written consent. We may transfer, assign, or delegate these Terms and our rights and obligations without consent.
Choice of Law; Arbitration. These Terms are governed by and will be construed under the laws of the State of Utah of the United States, without regard to the conflicts of law provisions thereof that may require that the law of any other jurisdiction be applied. The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods does not apply to these Terms. Any dispute arising from or relating to the subject matter of these Terms shall be finally settled in Park City, Utah, United States, in English, in accordance with the Streamlined Arbitration Rules and Procedures of Judicial Arbitration and Mediation Services, Inc. (“JAMS”) then in effect, by one commercial arbitrator with substantial experience in resolving intellectual property and commercial contract disputes, who shall be selected from the appropriate list of JAMS arbitrators in accordance with such Rules. Judgment upon the award rendered by such arbitrator may be entered in any court of competent jurisdiction. Notwithstanding the foregoing obligation to arbitrate disputes, each party shall have the right to pursue injunctive or other equitable relief at any time, from any court of competent jurisdiction. For all purposes of this Agreement, the parties consent to exclusive jurisdiction and venue in the state or federal courts located in, respectively, Summit County, Utah in the case of state court or for the Central Region of the District of Utah in the case of federal court.
Miscellaneous. You will be responsible for paying, withholding, filing, and reporting all taxes, duties, and other governmental assessments
associated with your activity in connection with the Services, provided that the Givego may, in its sole discretion, do any of the foregoing on your behalf or for itself as it sees fit. The failure of either you or us to exercise, in any way, any right herein shall not be deemed a waiver of any further rights hereunder. If any provision of these Terms is found to be unenforceable or invalid, that provision will be limited or eliminated, to the minimum extent necessary, so that these Terms shall otherwise remain in full force and effect and enforceable. You and Givego agree that these Terms are the complete and exclusive statement of the mutual understanding between you and Givego, and that it supersedes and cancels all previous written and oral agreements, communications and other understandings relating to the subject matter of these Terms, and that all modifications to these Terms must be in a writing signed by both parties (except as otherwise provided herein). No agency, partnership, joint venture, or employment is created as a result of these Terms and you do not have any authority of any kind to bind Givego in any respect whatsoever. Except as expressly set forth in the section above regarding the Apple Application, you and Givego agree there are no third party beneficiaries intended under these Terms.
Givego, our software platforms, and the Services are protected by copyright, trademark, and other intellectual property rights.